Gas Conversion

Basic Terminology

Adsorbent Bed: A processing vessel that contains an adsorbent material that will remove an unwanted chemical species by trapping it. Also known as a molecular sieve.

Air Separation Unit: An air separation unit separates atmospheric air into its primary components, typically nitrogen and oxygen. Sometimes they will be used to separate argon and other rare inert gases.

Catalyst: A catalyst is a substance that promotes a chemical reaction between two or more reactants. The catalyst is not consumed during the reaction process.

Dimethyl Ether (DME): An advanced clean fuel that is a substitute for diesel, and can be used in existing diesel engines to greatly reduce emissions while providing fuel cost savings.

Distillation: A process that consists of removing gas vapour from liquids by heating and then condensing to a liquid state for the purposes of fractionation, purification or creation of a new substance.

Feedstock: Raw material used for chemical processes such as hydrocarbons used as basic materials in a refining or manufacturing process.

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG): LPG can be propane or butane or a mixture of both.

Reactant: A chemically reacting substance.

Reactor: A vessel for an industrial chemical reaction.

Synthesis: The production of a substance by the union of elements or simpler chemical compounds or by the breaking up of a more complex chemical compound.

Synthetic or synthesis gas: Gas created by the synthesis process described above.